WP2 Description of work
The aim of this WP is to create a Grid enabled Spatial Data Infrastructure (GSDI) so that the data necessary for the assessment of GEO Societal Benefit Areas, as well as the data produced within the project can be gathered and stored in an organized form on the Grid infrastructure and distributed across the Grid in order to provide a high performance and reliable access through standardized interfaces. Using the standardized technologies of the Grid we can provide a Single Information Space for environmental data in the Black Sea Catchment.
WP3 Description of work
WP3 is going to implement a set of models and tools for the production of demographic, climatic and land cover change scenarios at the Black Sea Catchment scale.
WP4 Description of work
New advances in computing technology plus data availability from the Internet have made high resolution modelling of distributed hydrologic processes possible. Using the program Soil Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) (Arnold, et al., 1998) (http://www.brc.tamus.edu/swat/), in this WP, we will apply a high-resolution (sub-catchment spatial and daily temporal resolution) water balance model to the entire Black Sea Catchment (BSC). The BSC model will be calibrated and validated using river discharge data, river water quality data, and crop yield data. Looking at the hydrological components, calibration and validation based on ET and RO ensure a correct aquifer recharge and soil water storage component. As part of the modelling work, uncertainty analysis will also be performed to gauge the confidence on all model outputs. As SWAT is an integrated model containing a large agricultural management component, the spatial variation in the quality of water balance components will provide a good indication of critical regions across the BSC. Subsequent analysis of land use change, agricultural management change, and/or climate change can then predict the consequence of various scenarios.
WP5 Description of work
This WP involves the analysis of the impacts of the climate, land use and demographic scenarios on river catchment processes, primarily water quality and quantity. Based on this analysis the impacts of all these changes will be assessed on selected Societal Benefit Areas in the present and the future. The emphasis will be on impacts on ecosystems, biodiversity, agriculture, health and energy sectors.
WP6 Description of work
This WP organizes all the activities of the project that relate to developing a Black Sea Catchment Observation System (BSC-OS) in a harmonised way and takes the responsibility of the quality control of these activities.